“Specialties”differentiate themselves from standard fertilisers because they contain unique raw materials with precise actions and purposes to satisfy specific nutritional and physiological needs and are not only used for the purpose of carrying nutrients to the plants. They may include active substances which stimulate metabolic processes and also organic substances that can bind and be integrated with the macro and micro nutrients, simplifying uptake and circulation into the plant.
Some of the raw materials are special: mono potassium phosphate (PK 52-34) tripotassium phosphate (PK 32-63), tetra potassium pyrophosphate (PK 43-57), potassium carbonate (K2O 67%) they guarantee the formation of turgid, strong and substantial plant tissues, strengthening their defences against diseases. Their application guarantees compacted plants with higher production and an excellently well balanced vegetative-reproduction cycle.
One must also remember the ingredients of the organic substances; humic extracts, amino acids, peptides with low molecular weight, seaweed extracts and growth promoters.
Humic extracts consist of Humic and Fulvic Acids deriving from chemical extract reactions with KOH (potassium hydroxide) and leonardite (originating from lignite fields and organic substance sediments fossilized over geological eras), or by extract reaction in acid environments (sulphuric acid) of vegetal substances.
Humic Acids are long–chained organic molecules and their colloidal nature easily “complexes” nutrients and carries them to the plants.
Fulvic Acids are substances that can neutralize the soil from residue molecules from pesticides and toxic substances previously released by plant roots from earlier crops. The residues left over from previously grown crops slow down root activity in the new crops. Fulvic acids stimulate photosynthesis even during autumn and winter months or when light intensity is insufficient to trigger the process. They also improve cell division and cell wall extension.
Amino acids and low and medium molecular weight peptides are essential ingredients of proteins, enzymes (activators of all metabolic processes), tissues and vegetative and reproductive plant organs. These important organic substances that are needed to “build” the plant and activate its metabolic process, can be found in hydrolysed animal epithelium, in suspended liquid hydrolysed protein, in blood (haemoglobin, iron enriched protein) and in the hydrolysed protein substances deriving from organic matter with vegetal origins.
Seaweed extracts derive from variously sourced marine algae, rich in amino acids, vitamins, mineral elements and naturally grown substances such as auxins, cytokines and gibberellins.
Synthetic growth promoters are similar to the plants natural “growth substances” that activate, deactivate and modify their different genetic programmes. Included in these substances are auxins, gibberellins and cytokines that interact with the macro and micro nutrients, light, water and air, enabling the plant to develop and reproduce.
Biokimia “Special Fertilisers“, thanks to their formulation containing special raw materials, enriched with active ingredients that directly act on the plants physiology, together with the help of the active co-formulants, achieve a higher production with higher qualitative characteristics. In brief:
DIRECT SOIL APPLICATIONS
- improve microbiological, physical and chemical characteristics;
- improve plant growth and root activity;
- regenerate treated soil and reduce salinity;
- maintain a “compact” plant structure and guarantee well balanced vegetative and reproductive phases.
- complex and carry (humic acids and amino acids) nutrients with which they are associated with or which are naturally found in the soil, guaranteeing a better uptake;
- guarantee higher production.
- complex and carry the active ingredients with which they are associated with;
- intensify photosynthesis and dry matter production, even with insufficient daylight conditions;
- partake and regulate metabolic processes, thanks to their “auxin-similar” action (amino acids and fulvic acids);
- improve plant defence against diseases (amino acid and fulvic acids);
- improve the qualitative characteristics of fruit crops and production: colour, sugar content and flavour, consistency, shelf life, handling and transport resistance