The plant develops following its own "genotype", that is the natural guide of the genetic characteristics proper to the species and the variety. The genotype manifests itself conditioned by the environment where the plant is cultivated, thus determining the "phenotype".
It is important that genetic research should provide more productive varieties which are more resistant to diseases and which can achieve better qualitative characteristics.
This can be achieved through the selection both in the choice and in the constitution of the hybrids of the seeds and of the clones by multiplication obtained by cutting or by grafting.
Especially through micropropagation, using parts of meristematic tissues of plants, individuals with superior genetic characteristics can be obtained.
The maximum productive capacity of a plant starts from its genetic potential. Then there are a whole series of external and internal negative influences that can reduce their performance. They can be negative:
Biokimia provides adequate solutions to reduce stress and guarantee a prompt recovery of the plant, always respecting the biological limits typical of the species / variety. The best work will consist in using technologies, products, cultivation techniques that allow to increase the texture of the tissues, the general resistance of plants to abiotic and biotic stresses and will work, as far as possible, on the pedoclimatic environment to make it more suitable for the development of plant grown in place of pathogens and parasites.